Spring Configuration

In Spring Core, configuration refers to the process of defining the beans, which are the fundamental building blocks of the Spring framework. Beans represent objects in the application that are managed by the Spring container. Spring configuration allows you to define how these beans are created, configured, and wired together.

There are two ways to configure a Spring application:

  1. XML-based configuration: In this approach, you define the beans and their relationships in an XML file.
  2. Annotation-based configuration: In this approach, you use annotations to define the beans and their relationships.

Here’s an example of XML-based configuration in Spring:

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"

    <bean id="myBean" class="com.example.MyBean">
        <property name="myProperty" value="myValue"/>

In this example, we define a bean with an id of “myBean” and a class of “com.example.MyBean”. We also set a property called “myProperty” with a value of “myValue”.

Here’s an example of annotation-based configuration in Spring:

public class AppConfig {
    public MyBean myBean() {
        MyBean bean = new MyBean();
        return bean;

In this example, we use the @Configuration annotation to indicate that this class contains Spring configuration. We also use the @Bean annotation to define a bean with a method called “myBean()”. Inside the method, we create a new instance of MyBean, set its “myProperty” value, and return the instance.

Both approaches have their own advantages and disadvantages, and which one to use depends on the specific requirements of the application.

Overall, Spring configuration provides a flexible and powerful way to define and manage beans in a Spring application.

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